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Piston, Ball & Swing Check Valves


Bonney Forge is a leading check valve supplier. Piston and ball check valves, like all forged steel check valves, are used to prevent back flow in the line. Standard valve design has no spring in order to minimize cracking pressure and pressure drop, it will only function properly when installed in a horizontal line. As an option the designs can include a spring to assist closing and for use in 90-degree styles installed in vertical lines.


The pressure of the fluid passing through a system opens the valve, while any reversal of flow will close the valve. In Piston, or lift, check valves a body-guided disc moves within the body bore. The body guide ensures alignment of the seat and disc when the valve closes. The valve is installed with the flow under the disc, so that the inlet line pressure and flow rate will force the disc to “lift” off the seat and allow the line fluid to flow through the valve. Should the flow suddenly reverse itself, the disc will automatically and quickly, assisted by the weight of the disc, be forced to the closed position, preventing the line fluid from returning. Exercise caution when these valves are used for dirty media because that media could cause the disc to stick inside the body bore.


The function of ball check valves is similar to the piston check, but the ball check valves use a “ball” inside the body to control the movement of flow.
The ball is free to rotate, resulting in even wear and a wiping action between the ball and the seat. This feature makes ball checks useful for viscous media.

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Product standards & features

Applicable standard range

SIZE 1/4 NPS - 24 NPS
CLASS 150 - 4500

Applicable standards

Design API 602, API 594, ASME B16.34
Inspection & testing API 598
Marking MSS SP-25
Fugitive emission API 624, ISO 15848, TA Luft

Applicable end finishes

Face to face ASME B16.10
Socket weld ASME B16.11
Screwed ends (NPT) ASME B1.20.1
Flanged ends ASME B16.5
Butt welding ends ASME B16.25

Product features

1 Standard construction of body-bonnet connections are bolted bonnet or welded bonnet type.
2 Full die forged structure for all pressure containing parts.
3 Flanged valves are provided with flanges integral with the body forgings.
4 Standard gasket design for bolted-bonnet valves is spiral wound type up to class ASME 1500.  Ring Joint gaskets are standard for ASME 2500 and above. SPW/RJ are available on request for all pressure classes as option.
5 Fast response time to prevent backflow and adequate valve seating to prevent seat slamming.
6 Standard seat design is integral type, screwed-in type is avaliable as an alternative construction.
7 Best-in-Class CV values.
8 Low cracking pressure design.
9 Closure member can be spring loaded for positive closure in any position.
10 Sealing surfaces are machined to the tightest tolerances and lowest roughness to ensure trouble free shut off.
11 Precision guided closure member for prefect seating surfaces alignment.